Basilique du Sacré-Coeur (Sacré-Cœur) in Montmartre: One of the Most Visited Churches in the World

The Basilique du Sacré-Coeur is one of the most popular Catholic churches in the world. Located on top of the Montmartre Hill in Paris, it offers stunning views of the city below. Today, the church welcomes millions of visitors each year. Here are some facts about the iconic landmark of Sacre Coeur.

sacre coeur

The Basilica of The Sacred Heart – Location

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, commonly known as Sacré-Cœur Basilica and often simply Sacré-Cœur, is a large Roman Catholic Church and minor basilica, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, in Paris, France. A popular landmark and the second most visited monument in Paris, after the Eiffel Tower, the basilica is located at the summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point in the city. The name Sacré-Cœur translates to “Sacred Heart”.

The Sacré Coeur – Size and Characteristic Features

The Sacre Coeur Basilica is one of the most instantly recognizable landmarks in Paris. The striking white building is located atop the city’s Montmartre district, and its size and architecture are both impressive and distinctive. The basilica itself is 85 meters (279 feet) tall, and its exterior is adorned with a number of characteristic features. These include a large central dome, two smaller subsidiary domes, and a number of ornate statues and sculptures.

Inside the Sacré-Cœur Basilica

The Sacre Coeur Basilica is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Paris. The stunning white church, which sits atop Montmartre hill, is visible from all over the city.

Inside, the basilica is just as impressive as its exterior. The vast nave is supported by imposing columns, and the walls are adorned with intricate mosaics. The light-filled apse is particularly beautiful, and offers stunning views over Paris. Whether you’re a religious visitor or simply a curious tourist, the Sacre Coeur Basilica is definitely worth a visit.

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Sacré-Coeur Garden

The garden in the basilica complex is used for meditation, and there is a fountain in it. The dome’s top is open to tourists, providing a spectacular panoramic view of Paris’ city center, which is mostly to the south of the Sacre Coeur.

Sacre Coeur History

In addition to its size and architectural beauty, the Sacre Coeur Basilica is also notable for its history. The inspiration for the Sacre Coeur came about in 1870. The architect Paul Abadie was selected to design the church in 1875, and the building was completed in 1914. The church is built of travertine stone, which gives it a beautiful, white appearance. The north tower is 83 meters high and inside the tower there is the heaviest bell in Paris, which weighs about 19 tons. The church is located at the highest point in Paris, offering stunning views of the city.

Sacré Cœur Significance

The Sacre Coeur Basilica is one of the most iconic landmarks in Paris, and its white limestone facade is instantly recognizable. But what many people don’t know is that the basilica is also one of the most significant religious sites in the city.

The basilica was built as a symbol of hope and redemption after the devastating Franco-Prussian War. It was also meant to serve as a reminder of the power of faith, and its design includes numerous symbols of Christianity. Today, the basilica remains an important center of worship, contains a crypt, and its stunning architecture continues to draw visitors from all over the world.

Sacre Coeur Bells

The basilica has 5 bells in total. Four of them are small bells and are named Félicité, Louise, Nicole and Elisabeth. These bells were originally in the church of Saint Roch, but were moved to Sacre Coeur in the late 1960s. There is a large bourden below these bells, “The Savoyarde”, which is the biggest bell in the country and the 5th largest in Europe. The bell rings only for special occasions, such as religious celebrations like Easter, Christmas or All Saints and can be heard from over 6 miles away.

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Sacre Coeur Organs

The basilica contains a large pipe organ, which was constructed by a French organ builder, Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. The organs have over 100 ranks and almost 80 speaking stops. The construction of the organs was unusual, even for the time, as it had four 61-note manuals and a 32-note pedalboard. The divisions were also expressive, which was not common for the time.

The Significance of the Sacre Coeur to the Catholic Church

Many people come to the Sacre Coeur to see its stunning mosaics and stained-glass windows. It is also believed that the church is home to a reliquary that contains the heart of Jesus Christ. There are beautiful statues of patron saints inside. The Sacre Coeur is an important part of the Catholic faith and its history, and it continues to be a popular destination for both tourists and pilgrims alike.

Places Worth Visiting Nearby Sacre-Coeur in Montmartre

Sacre Coeur is located close to several other attractions and places that are worth visiting while you’re in the area. Here are some of the best attractions.

Place Jean Marais

This is a beautiful public park that is located just a few minutes’ walk away from Sacre Coeur. It’s a great place to come for a stroll, relax, and take in the sights and sounds of Paris.

Montmartre Cemetery

This is one of the most famous cemeteries in Paris, and it’s located just a short walk away from Sacre Coeur. It’s a beautiful place to explore, home to the remains of some of the most famous people in history.

Moulin Rouge

This is one of the most iconic attractions in Paris, and it’s located just a short walk away from Sacre Coeur. It’s a great place to go for a night out in the town, and it’s certain to be an unforgettable experience.

Place du Tertre

This is a beautiful square that is located just a short walk away from Sacre Coeur. It’s a great place to come for a stroll, grab a bite to eat, and take in the sights and sounds of Paris.

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Square Louise Michael

This is a beautiful park that is located just a few minutes’ walk away from Sacre Coeur. It’s another great place to come for a stroll, relax, and enjoy the sights and sounds of Paris.

Visiting the Basilica: Basic Information

The basilica is open to the public daily from 6:00 am to 10:30 pm, with Masses celebrated in various languages ​​throughout the day. The dome is accessible from 9am to 7pm during summer, and to 6pm in winter. Admission to the church is free. Access to the dome is possible by stairs (300 steps) and there is no elevator available. Guided tours aren’t available in order not to disturb the religious services. Taking photographs or recording inside the basilica is not allowed.

Sacre Coeur Access

The basilica is located at 35 Rue du Chevalier de la Barre in Paris, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. In this area, several other churches can be found, including Notre-Dame de Clignancourt and Saint-Pierre de Montmartre. The basilica can be accessed via steps leading up to the basilica, or by taking the funicular railway from the bottom of the hill.

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